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Meet John Brooks

For eleven years, John Brooks has served the people of Utica, New York as a firefighter and paramedic. Brooks’ commitment to public service follows the example set by his father who served UFD for forty-one years, including thirteen years as fire chief.

Brooks’ service as a firefighter has been marked by heroism and compassion. He is credited with swimming into a canal and diving down into the water to try to find a young girl involved in a car accident, as well as donating personal money to clothe a family who lost everything in a house fire.

Brooks is also a deeply committed Nazirite. In 2014—on the day of the Feast of John the Baptist, another Nazirite—Brooks took a personal vow to God not to cut the hair of his head, among other things, based on instruction in the Biblical book of Numbers.

“The day I took my Nazirite vow was one of the most important days of my life,” said Brooks. “Being forced to cut my hair would devastate me and violate my covenant with God.”

Religious Discrimination Puts Brooks’ Life in Jeopardy

Seven months passed without Brooks cutting his hair when his superior first commented to Brooks that he needed a haircut. The City’s employee handbook allows firefighters to request religious accommodations, yet UFD has denied each of Brooks’ requests. Even though several UFD firefighters have longer hair than Brooks, his superiors demanded that Brooks wear a baseball cap or, more recently, a hair net at all times while on duty. On one occasion, the hair net became entangled with Brooks’ oxygen mask at an active fire scene and forced Brooks to remove his oxygen mask and lose sight of his partner while inside a burning building.

“My hair has never interfered with my job,” said Brooks. “The hair net I was forced to wear, however, was a safety hazard. I have seen the department make accommodations for people of other faiths. I just want to be treated like everyone else.”

First Liberty Legal Action

First Liberty filed an amended complaint in federal court on Brooks’ behalf in October 2017.

“It is clear that the city is using ‘safety’ as an excuse to single out and humiliate a heroic firefighter because of his religious beliefs since no one else with hair longer than John’s have been questioned,” said Roger Byron, Senior Counsel for First Liberty. “This is a case of religious discrimination, and we will continue to defend Mr. Brooks’ liberties until they are fully restored.”

For high resolution video and photo content please click here

Press Release
For Immediate Release: October 26, 2017

Contact: Lacey McNiel,

Direct: 972-941-4453


(Firefighter John Brooks. Photo Credit: First Liberty Institute)


New York Firefighter Singled Out for Religious Discrimination

First Liberty attorneys say fire department is using ‘safety’ as a façade for religious discrimination

UTICA, N.Y.—Today, First Liberty Institute and attorney Tom Marcelle, on behalf of client and New York firefighter John Brooks, filed an amended federal civil complaint against the City of Utica for violating federal and state anti-discrimination laws. Brooks, a devout Nazirite, made a personal vow to God to refrain from cutting the hair on his head based on Biblical instruction in the book of Numbers. The Utica Fire Department (UFD) has refused to grant Brooks a religious accommodation from its grooming standards and ordered Brooks either to cut his hair or wear a hair net at all times while on duty. The hair net caused a life-threatening safety risk to Brooks when it interfered with his oxygen mask while Brooks was inside a structure fire. UFD routinely allows female firefighters, with identical equipment and job descriptions, to have their hair longer than Brooks’ hair.

“Mr. Brooks just wants to be treated fairly, like everyone else,” said Roger Byron, Senior Counsel for First Liberty. “The city has singled out and mistreated a heroic firefighter because of his religious beliefs. This is a textbook case of religious discrimination.”

Brooks has served with UFD for eleven years, during which time the city has granted religious accommodations for firefighters of other faiths. The city’s employee handbook allows employees to seek religious accommodation for personal grooming standards. The city tries to excuse its unlawful discrimination by citing safety concerns about Brooks’ hair length. However, the city allows other firefighters in the department to have hair longer than his. Brooks could not obey his conscience and follow the city’s unreasonable directives—directives that placed his life in danger.

“It is awful to be placed in a position of choosing between your convictions and your job,” said Brooks. “I love being a firefighter. All I want is for the City to accommodate my religious beliefs and treat me the same as other firefighters with long hair.”

Along with First Liberty, Brooks is represented by Albany attorney, Tom Marcelle who, in 2001, argued and won Good News Club v. Milford Central School, 533 US 98 (2001), at the U.S. Supreme Court, a landmark religious freedom case and one of the most important Supreme Court decisions of the last 50 years.

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About First Liberty Institute

First Liberty Institute is a non-profit public interest law firm and the largest legal organization in the nation dedicated exclusively to defending religious freedom for all Americans.

To arrange an interview, contact Lacey McNiel at or by calling 972-941-4453.

To download a copy of this release, click here

Additional Video Content

All photos and videos may be used by the working press with the following attribution: “Courtesy”.
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Jeremy Dys, Deputy General Counsel outlines the case – Download

Jeremy Dys, Deputy General Counsel discusses religious discrimination against Brooks – Download

Jeremy Dys, Deputy General Counsel on what Brooks is seeking – Download

B-Roll of John Brooks – Download

John Brooks on why he became a firefighter – Download

John Brooks on his vow to God and the City’s response to his religious convictions – Download

John Brooks on how his employer’s religious discrimination made him feel – Download

John Brooks on how he just wants to be treated fairly – Download

High Resolution photos of John Brooks
File 1 , File 2, File 3, File 4

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