Philip B. Onderdonk Jr. Award | First Liberty

Philip B. Onderdonk Jr. Award

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Each year at The American Legion’s National Convention, First Liberty Institute bestows the Philip B. Onderdonk Jr. Religious Liberty Award to one exceptional individual for his or her efforts to defend religious liberty.


Watch the 2019 Onderdonk Jr.
Religious Liberty Award Presentation

Get a first look at FLI’s Kelly Shackelford officially presenting the 2019 Onderdonk, JR. Religious Liberty Award to Christopher DiPompeo, from the global, elite law firm Jones Day. As one of FLI’s network attorneys, DiPompeo was the key member of the legal team that brought about our historic, landmark victory at the U.S. Supreme Court to save the Bladensburg WWI Veterans Memorial.

View Exclusive photos of The American Legion’s 101st Annual National Convention

About the Award

The Philip B. Onderdonk Jr. award, named after the award’s first recipient and long-time National Judge Advocate of The American Legion, is given to a hero and protector of religious liberty. Instead of a trophy, the recipient receives a Henry Repeating Arms Military Service Tribute Edition .22 caliber commemorative rifle, specially engraved for the award. The rifle is donated by Henry Repeating Arms, a strong supporter of our nation’s military service members and veterans.

Past Honorees


President Donald Trump | First Liberty Onderdonk Award

2018: President Donald J. Trump

President Trump was honored for passing an executive order advancing religious freedom throughout our federal agencies and government, including the military. As a result, the U.S. Attorney General has now produced guidelines for religious freedom, which have now been distributed throughout the federal government to ensure religious freedom, and the Department of Justice has created a religious liberty task force to make sure that these guidelines and this order are implemented.

Senator Ted Cruz | Philip B. Onderdonk, Jr. Award

2017: U.S. Senator Ted Cruz

Senator Cruz was honored for his donated time while in private practice, partnering with First Liberty and The American Legion on religious liberty issues of critical importance. His efforts played a leading role in helping save the Mojave Desert Veterans Memorial and restoring Memorial Day prayer.

Dan Wheeler | Philip B. Onderdonk, Jr. Award

2016: Dan Wheeler

Dan Wheeler is The American Legion’s National Adjutant, Vietnam War veteran of the U.S. Navy, and a journalist. He played a key role in creating The Legion’s partnership with First Liberty, particularly in our legal efforts to stop attacks on memorials and displays honoring veterans.

Philip B. Onderdonk | Philip B. Onderdonk, Jr. Award

2015: Philip B. Onderdonk

Philip B. Onderdonk is the National Judge Advocate of The American Legion, a position which he was appointed to in 1983. He worked alongside First Liberty on protecting the Mt. Soledad Veterans Memorial, Bladensburg WWI Veterans Memorial, and the Pledge of Allegiance in public schools.

Key Cases with The American Legion

Bladensburg

Bladensburg WWI Veterans Memorial

On June 20, 2019, the U.S. Supreme Court announced its landmark decision to preserve the nearly 100-year old Bladensburg WWI Veterans Memorial, along with memorials like it bearing religious symbols across the country. The 7-2 decision in The American Legion v. American Humanist Association reaffirms that the First Amendment allows people to use religious symbols and images in public. “This is a landmark victory for religious freedom. The days of illegitimately weaponizing the Establishment Clause and attacking religious symbols in public are over,” said Kelly Shackelford, President, CEO, and Chief Counsel to First Liberty. First Liberty partnered with the prestigious law firm, Jones Day, to defend the memorial, which has stood since 1925 and honors the “49 Boys of Bladensburg” who died during the “great war to end all wars.” The American Legion’s seal is prominently displayed in the center of the Peace Cross, which proudly stands just outside Washington, D.C.

Mojave Desert Veterans Memorial Cross

In 2001, the ACLU filed a lawsuit on behalf of a man living in Oregon, arguing that the cross was unconstitutional since it was located on government land. To help save the memorial, First Liberty Institute stepped in and filed an amicus (friend of the court) brief at the U.S. Supreme Court on behalf of the VFW, The American Legion, Military Order of the Purple Heart and American Ex-Prisoners of War. In its decision to reverse the lower courts’ rulings, the Supreme Court referenced First Liberty’s amicus brief 12 separate times.

Mojave Desert Veterans Memorial Cross | First Liberty

Mount Soledad

Mt. Soledad

Erected in 1954, the Mt. Soledad Veterans Memorial symbolizes the selfless sacrifice and service of America’s military. With the support of The American Legion, Attorneys General of 19 states, Ronald Reagan’s United States Attorney General Edwin Meese, and veterans who are honored by some of the more than 3,500 plaques of the Mt. Soledad Veterans Memorial, First Liberty fought to save this memorial.

In God We Trust

In 2016, our National Motto, “In God We Trust,” survived another attempt to ban it from its traditional use by the government. After a group of atheists, humanists and others filed a lawsuit against the federal government demanding the removal of the phrase “In God We Trust” from U.S. currency, First Liberty Institute filed a friend-of-the-court brief on behalf of The American Legion, the largest veterans service organization in America with over 2 million members.

In the brief, First Liberty attorneys stated:

“The American Legion believes that our National Motto, ‘In God We Trust,’ itself originating in Francis Scott Key’s poem that would become the “Star Spangled Banner’ and honoring the courage and valor of our service members who defended Fort McHenry during the War of 1812, is a fitting and solemnizing motto for this nation.

The American Legion, has, therefore….regularly advocated for the recognition and honor of our National Motto, as well as its history and heritage.”

Kelly Shackelford, President and CEO of First Liberty stated, “We’re grateful that the court upheld the federal government’s ability to display our National Motto on our currency. ‘In God We Trust’ is deeply embedded in our nation’s history.”

The American Legion | First Liberty Onderdonk Award

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